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Pinus pinea

Pinus pinea (Italian stone pine, Umbrella Pine)

is a frost hardy perennial evergreen conifer. It grows well in direct sun, and prefers low levels of water. It has high drought tolerance.
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This conifer has all year round interest.


Pinus pinea grows in soils ranging from a pH of 4.5 (extremely acidic ranges from 0 to 5.1) to 6 (acidic ranges from 5.6 to 6). It is adapted to clay loam, loam, loamy sand, sandy clay loam and sandy loam soils, and prefers medium fertility.


This is a rounded plant has an ultimate height of 12m / 39.4ft and spread of 5m / 16.4ft. It can take 36-40 years to reach its ultimate height.


It has green leaves. They are needle in shape.


The plant prefers a sheltered situation.


Architectural, bank and slope, drought resistant, low maintenance and specimen/accent plant.


Pinus pinea has green and brown bark with a rough texture.

Fruit and seed

The fruit is brown. There is a fruit/seed abundance beginning in Year Round.


Propagation techniques include seed.


Lebanon. Israel. Egypt. Libya. Tunisia. Spain. France. Italy. Algeria. Portugal.

-9°C / 15.8F 4.5 to 6 36-40 years 12m / 39.4ft 5m / 16.4ft
Scientific classifications [Edit]
Genus ? Pinus
Specific epithet ? pinea
Common names
Italian stone pine (United States), Umbrella Pine (Ireland)
IPNI details on Pinus pinea
References [edit] ?

Plant added by plantdatabase

Pinus pinea http://plantdatabase.co.uk/Pinus_pinea
© Plant Database Ltd., 26th July 2014     Web: http://plantdatabase.co.uk     Email: mail@plantdatabase.co.uk
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